Watch the short video below for a quick overview of how online voting works in Estonia.
The 2007 Estonian Parliamentary elections saw a ‘world premiere‘ of the first time an electorate could vote over the internet in elections of a national parliament.
The number of online votes cast in in 2007 was 30,243 out of a total of 550,213. This amounted to 5.4% of the total number of votes being cast via the internet. The percentage of online votes cast by voters aged 24 and under was 11% with the smallest percentage coming from the 55 to 59 age category with 6%. The turnout in the election was 62% of the population.
In 2011, the number of online votes cast was almost five times larger than in 2007 with a total of 140,764 out of 580,264 votes cast via the internet. This amounted to 24.3% of the total number of votes. The percentage of online votes cast by voters aged 24 and under was 9%. The turnout in comparison to the 2007 elections had increased by 1.5% with a turnout of 63.5%.
In 2007, it was estimated that 63% of the Estonian population use the internet, with 53% of households having a computer, and with every school having an internet connection.
Preconditions to online voting included a ‘high e-readiness of the Estonian population‘. Voting was conducted using electronic ID cards and a legislative basis was created by the Estonian Parliament in 2002.
Statistics about online voting in Estonia can be found here.